A sessile oak woodland, with some interesting flora including wood anemone and woodland birds such as wood warbler, tawny owl and woodcock.

Location

0.5km north of Holystone Village
Holystone
Northumberland

OS Map Reference

NT 945 028
A static map of Holystone North Wood

Know before you go

Size
15 hectares

Entry fee

No

Parking information

Car parking is available at the Forestry Commission picnic site 0.5 km beyond Holystone village (nearest postcode NE65 7AX).

Walking trails

The wood links into a circular Forestry Commission marked walk. The forest trail is reasonable, but becomes narrow in places and is uneven, with protruding tree roots.

Access

The wood links into a circular Forestry Commission marked walk. The forest trail is reasonable, but becomes narrow in places and is uneven, with protruding tree roots.

Dogs

On a lead

When to visit

Opening times

24/7/365

Best time to visit

All year round

About the reserve

Holystone North Wood is an upland sessile oakwood and is recorded as an ancient semi-natural woodland site. There is evidence of some coppicing and parts of the wood were last worked about 60 years ago. This type of woodland, typical of the Lake District and North Wales, is found here under much drier climatic conditions and examples in the eastern part of Northumberland are particularly scarce. Tree cover is made up predominantly of sessile oak, with birch, rowan and holly. The wood is densely and uniformly stocked and many of the trees are thought to be between 100 and 150 years old, although some specimens could be much older. A substantial number of the trees are twisted and many are multi stemmed which suggests previous coppicing.

Many of the trees hang with lichens such as usneas and bryorias, giving an almost primeval sense to the site. The twisted tree trunks and dead branches provide good habitat for birds and invertebrates. Birds typical of broadleaved woodland have been recorded such as blue tit, great tit, coal tit, pied flycatcher and great spotted woodpecker.

The ground flora is relatively poor but typical of acidic oak woodland on dry, sandy soils, but has suffered impoverishment as a result of sheep grazing in the past. Bracken, wavy hair grass and soft grass are dominant but notable species include chickweed wintergreen and lesser twayblade. The moss Leucobryum glaucum is widespread, the hummocks of which are a special feature of the wood. In addition, plants such as wood anenome, wood sorrel and chickweed wintergreen are present.

Heather occurs along the northern margin of the site and there is a small flush with bog mosses sphagnum and the uncommon lesser twayblade. Among the larger mammals roe deer are common and rabbits are present in good numbers. Although the area is no longer grazed by sheep both the roe deer and the rabbits will have an impact on the ground flora and more importantly on tree regeneration. A 1999 survey identified a possible 4 species of bats; pipestrelle, Daubentons bat, Natterers and whiskered.

Contact us

Northumberland Wildlife Trust
Contact number: (0191) 284 6884
Contact email: mail@northwt.org.uk

Environmental designation

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)